Squid config with NCSA Authentication in Ubuntu 11.04

*[NCSA]: National Center for Supercomputing Applications

This article is deprecated. For the recent version check the following article: https://www.grosseosterhues.com/2011/12/squid-config-with-ncsa-authentication/

This article describes a quick and easy way to implement a web proxy with most basic user authentication. The authentication mechanism uses an NCSA-style htpasswd file, well known also for other basic authentication purposes. The proxy server in use will be Squid proxy.

To install the necessary software, this line will do:

aptitude install squid

Now, a new file containing usernames and password hashes needs to be created:

htpasswd -c /etc/squid/passwd USERNAME
chmod 400 /etc/squid/passwd && chown proxy /etc/squid/passwd

The file /etc/squid/squid.conf has to be modified. The following lines have to be uncommented while the first of them needs adjustment as to the whereabouts of the passwd file. By default it points to usr/etc/passwd but we want it to be /etc/squid/passwd:

auth_param basic program /usr/lib/squid/ncsa_auth /etc/squid/passwd
auth_param basic children 5
auth_param basic realm Squid proxy-caching web server
auth_param basic casesensitive off

In the ACL section two lines have to be inserted. The ACL section can be found by searching for "# ACCESS CONTROLS".

acl ncsa_users proxy_auth REQUIRED
http_access allow ncsa_users

In case you want Squid to not reveal your client's real IP address in HTTP requests it forwards, the follow option has to be disabled:

forwarded_for off 

A restart of Squid's daemon will activate the recent changes:

service squid restart 
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